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The Flow of Authority to Stop The Flow of Oil: Clean Water Act Section 311(C) Removal Authority and the BP/Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill

“Surround yourself with the best people you can find, delegate authority, and don't interfere.” --President Ronald Reagan Though not the largest oil spill the United States has ever experienced, nor its worst environmental disaster, the BP/DEEPWATER HORIZON Oil Spill (DEEPWATER HORIZON) was enormous and devastating. Ignited by pressurized methane gas bubbling up from a depth of 18,360 feet below the sea, the DEEPWATER HORIZON oil rig exploded on April 20, 2010, killing eleven men. After the rig sank two days later, breaks in the riser pipe connecting the rig to the ocean floor began spewing hundreds of thousands of gallons of crude oil and gas into the Gulf of Mexico. At first, the spill was nearly impossible to control effectively. Oil flowing from the well washed up on the shores of Louisiana, Alabama, and Mississippi, and polluted thousands of square miles of ocean. Three months later, the well was successfully capped, ending the catastrophic flow of oil. Assessment of the ecological and economic damage continues, as do cleanup efforts. Although some may believe that no one contemplated that an environmental disaster of such magnitude could occur, for catastrophes like DEEPWATER HORIZON, a coordinated national emergency response plan has existed in some form in the United States since 1968. The National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP), created to respond to oil spills and hazardous substance releases, was borne out of the 1967 TORREY CANYON disaster off the coast of England. After the supertanker ran aground and spilled over thirty-one million gallons of crude oil into the Celtic Sea, the U.S. Government, recognizing the United States' own vulnerability, created the NCP, which provided a national response strategy for oil spills. Many acts of Congress required amendment and expansion of the NCP over the years, culminating in the passage of the Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA), which resulted in the most recent major revisions to the NCP. Read More »

Piracy: New Efforts in Addressing this Enduring Problem

“In an honest service there are commonly low wages and hard labour: in piracy, satiety, pleasure and ease, liberty and power . . . . [A] merry life and a short one shall be my motto.” -- Captain Bartholomew Roberts, aka “Black Bart,” notorious pirate in the seventeenth century Human beings, whether on land or at sea, have always had to choose between leading an honest, hardworking existence and leading a life of crime. Those who put to sea and choose the latter, we call pirates--and there have been no shortage of them. Pirates have long menaced the high seas, seeking harbors and ports to plunder and pillage for treasure. Although a 1696 trial at the Old Bailey deemed that “piracy is only a sea-term for robbery” that was “committed within the jurisdiction of the Admiralty,” it continues to emerge in new forms over time. As the twenty-first century unfolds, the world again confronts piracy. Rather than the romanticized “Black Bart” Roberts, today's pirates are often found in small dhows off the coast of Somalia armed with automatic weapons and rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs). Some supply themselves with modern-age sextants, namely global positioning devices, and walkie-talkies. These new pirates have seized large tankers carrying oil or chemicals--cargoes valued up to $100 million--as far as several hundred miles off the coast of Somalia. In 2008, pirates attacked 141 vessels off the Horn of Africa; in 2010, the number increased to 160 vessel attacks, which resulted in the capture of 53 ships in the region; and in the first half of 2011, there were already 177 pirate attacks. These attacks continue today. Read More »

Welcome to the New Tulane Maritime Law Journal Web Site!

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On behalf of the Tulane Maritime Law Journal members, our faculty Read More »

Congratulations and Welcome, Junior Members!

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The Senior Board of Volume 38 of the Tulane Maritime Law Journal is very pleased to announce Read More »

A Presentation of Selected Works from Volume 38 of the Tulane Maritime Law Journal

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Please join us for a presentation of selected works from Volume 38 Read More »

Larry Kiern Wins Award For His Article in the Tulane Maritime Law Journal

Larry Kiern, a partner in Winston & Strawn’s Washington, D.C. office who concentrates his practice on maritime and admiralty law, has been named a “2012 Distinguished Legal Writing Award” recipient by the Burton Awards for Legal Achievement. This honor is dedicated to rewarding great achievements in law, with a special emphasis on writing and reform. Only 35 authors are selected from entries submitted by the ... Read More »

First Major Rulings in the Deepwater Horizon Case

Photo Credit: Green Fire Productions (www.flickr.com/photos/76145908@N08/)

Last week USDC Judge Barbier issued the first set of rulings in the Deepwater Horizon Case. Judge Barbier dismissed a group of the claims against BP. The claims dismissed were mostly comprised of environmental groups who were not seeking monetary damages. The journal will be following the case and frequently posting tidbits as rulings come down. TMLJ Alumni, Ian Taylor, with Lewis, Kullman, Sterbcow, & ... Read More »

CSX Transportation, Inc. v. McBride

Surpreme Court of the United States

A railroad employee filed a negligence action against his employer under FELA. The employee was injured while engaging in switching the rail carts, and claimed 1) his employer required him to utilize unsafe switching equipment, and 2) his employer failed to properly train him to use the equipment. In a 5-4 decision, the Supreme Court of the United States held: the appropriate standard for establishing ... Read More »

U.S.S. Ronald Reagan to Rendezvous with Cruise Ship

Photo courtesy of the U.S. Pacific Fleet (www.flickr.com/photos/compacflt/)

The Carnival Splendor (a 952-foot Panamanian-flagged ship carrying 3,299 guests and 1,167 crew members) is currently stranded 130 miles off the coast of Mexico after losing power. The vessel lost power at approximately 6:00 a.m. Monday, November 8, 2010, following a fire in its aft engine room.  The blaze was extinguished without injury to passengers or crew. However, engineers have not been able to restore power ... Read More »